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Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men. Prostate gland cells multiply uncontrollably and thus cancer develops. In many countries, it is one of the most common diseases after lung cancer, and the mortality rate due to prostate cancer is also high. Unfortunately, it progresses without symptoms. For this reason, it is important to go for regular medical checkups and have screening for prostate cancer. Basically, it manifests itself with weakness, anemia, body ache and bone pain.
The prostate is located under the bladder and surrounds the urethra. It has functions such as the secretion of testosterone and the production of sperm. Regular prostate cancer screening is the most important examination so that in case of malignant neoplasm can be detected at an early stage. Early diagnosis is essential for successful treatment, and treatment can be initiated soon.
Prostate cancer screening involves drawing blood from the individual, checking the PSA level, and performing a rectal examination. Studies show that most people with prostate cancer are 65 years and older. Therefore, it is important that those in the aforementioned age range do not interrupt their routine checkups.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Prostate cancer may not show serious symptoms in the early stages. Being asymptomatic is one of the most problematic aspects of this disease. In the advanced stages, a malignant prostate tumor is noticeable by numerous symptoms. It should be added that the symptoms may vary from person to person.
Prostate cancer symptoms:
- Weight loss,
- Pain and stinging sensation during ejaculation,
- Difficulty getting an erection
- Decreased sexual performance
- Frequent urination or no urination at all
- Difficulty urinating
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the seminal fluid
- Problems during sexual intercourse.
While the above issues are symptoms of prostate cancer, they may also indicate other health problems. If you are suffering from such health problems, you can find out the cause of the underlying problem by visiting a specialist. For detailed information, you can contact Booking for Health.
Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
Cell growth in the prostate can be caused by benign or malignant tumor structures. Benign prostate gland enlargement is called benign prostatic hypertrophy. It can make daily life difficult and cause difficulty urinating, but it does not tend to grow and spread like cancer cells.
An important obstacle to diagnosis is the absence of symptoms in the early stages of prostate cancer. When symptoms appear, the patient sees a doctor. The latter examines the patient’s medical history and performs physical therapy, usually by rectal (digital) application and manual check. Thanks to digital rectal diagnosis, suspicious masses or nodules can be detected and abnormalities of the prostate can be identified.
PSA is an extremely important and diagnostic protein. As part of the determination of Prostate Specific Antigen, blood is drawn from the patient. The PSA level in the blood is examined and it is checked if it is above 80 percent.
Imaging technologies are also an important part of cancer diagnosis. Ultrasound, MRI and TRUS ( Transrectal Ultrasonography ) examinations can be done. After the PSA level, physical examination and scans are completed, it is time to learn about the pathology of the foreign formation and perform a biopsy if deemed necessary. If it is a cancerous formation, the diagnosis is made, the stage of cancer is determined, and the treatment phase is initiated.
Prostate Cancer Stages
Prostate cancer has 4 stages. Numbering from 1 to 4 is an indicator that increases depending on the density and severity of the cancer. In first- degree prostate cancer, the cancer has not spread yet and the PSA level is 10 or less. By the fourth stage, it has metastasized to surrounding tissues and/or distant organs. The most common limb is the bones.
Treatment of Prostate Cancer
Treatment can vary from person to person. The person’s health status, the presence of various diseases, whether there is a history of cancer, the stage of the cancer, and the rate at which the cancer cells have spread can all affect the method of treatment. The main methods of cancer treatment are:
One of them can be applied, or several of them can be performed at the same time. Prostatectomy is one of the most effective methods. In this treatment method, the prostate tissue is removed by laparoscopic or open technique. After diagnosis and during treatment, the patient should follow the doctor’s instructions and recommendations.