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In this artice you will get some information about Bone Marrow Biopsy
What is Bone Marrow?
Bone marrow, a vital tissue housed within bones, serves as the hub for blood cell, platelet, and immune system cell production. Two types of bone marrow exist: red and yellow.
Red Bone Marrow
Predominantly located in pelvic bones, sternum, ribs, spinal vertebrae, hip bones, and ends of long bones, red bone marrow houses hematopoietic cells. These cells facilitate the production of blood cells, adjusting output based on the body’s requirements throughout life.
Yellow Bone Marrow
Less active than its red counterpart, yellow bone marrow resides in the shafts of long bones and comprises fat cells. When necessary, yellow bone marrow can transform into red bone marrow to contribute to blood cell production.
What is Bone Marrow Biopsy?
A bone marrow biopsy is a medical procedure that involves obtaining a small sample of bone marrow for examination. This soft and spongy tissue, located within certain bones like the hipbone and breastbone, plays a crucial role in producing blood cells such as red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Primarily conducted for diagnostic purposes, a bone marrow biopsy helps assess the bone marrow’s health and investigate various blood disorders like leukemia, lymphoma, anemia, and others affecting blood cell production. Additionally, it aids in determining disease progression and treatment effectiveness.
Bone Marrow Functions
- Blood Cell Production: Particularly in red bone marrow, blood cells (red and white) and platelets are manufactured by hematopoietic cells.
- Immune System Aid: White blood cells, a product of red bone marrow, play a pivotal role in bolstering the immune system’s defense against infections.
- Clotting Mechanism: Platelets, derived from bone marrow, are essential for clotting processes, preventing excessive bleeding.
- Mineral Storage: Yellow bone marrow serves as a reservoir for minerals, releasing them as needed to support various bodily functions.